Category: Religion and Spirituality
TOTAL MBTI VOTES: 11
INTP - 4 vote(s)
INFJ - 4 vote(s)
INFP - 1 vote(s)
INTJ - 1 vote(s)
ENTJ - 1 vote(s)
TOTAL ENNEA VOTES: 5
4W5 - 2 vote(s)
5W4 - 2 vote(s)
5W6 - 1 vote(s)
Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy exploring the fundamental nature of reality. Metaphysics seeks to answer two basic questions:
Ultimately, what is there?
What is it like?
Topics of metaphysical investigation include existence, objects and their properties, space and time, cause and effect, and possibility. A central branch of metaphysics is ontology, the investigation into the basic categories of being and how they relate to one another.
There are two broad conceptions about what "world" is studied by metaphysics. The strong, classical view assumes that the objects studied by metaphysics exist independently of any observer, so that the subject is the most fundamental of all sciences. The weaker, more modern view assumes that the objects studied by metaphysics exist inside the mind of an observer, so the subject becomes a form of introspection and conceptual analysis.
Some philosophers, notably Kant, discuss both of these "worlds" and what can be inferred about each one.
Some philosophers and scientists, such as the logical positivists, reject the entire subject of metaphysics as meaningless, while others disagree and think that it is legitimate.
Cosmology – a central branch of metaphysics, that studies the origin, fundamental structure, nature, and dynamics of the universe. ...
Ontology – a central branch of metaphysics. ...
Philosophy of space and time –
Universal science –
Philosophy of religion –
Noetic theory –
“It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.”
― Aristotle, Metaphysics
“If things do not turn out as we wish, we should wish for them as they turn out.”
― Aristotle, Metaphysics
“If it turns out that there is a God...the worst that you can say about him is that basically he's an underachiever.”
― Woody Allen
“Science is not only compatible with spirituality; it is a profound source of spirituality.”
― Carl Sagan, The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark
“The essence of independence has been to think and act according to standards from within, not without: to follow one's own path, not that of the crowd.”
― Nicholas Tharcher, Rebels and Devils: The Psychology of Liberation
“I suppose therefore that all things I see are illusions; I believe that nothing has ever existed of everything my lying memory tells me. I think I have no senses. I believe that body, shape, extension, motion, location are functions. What is there then that can be taken as true? Perhaps only this one thing, that nothing at all is certain.”
― René Descartes